Aliro Quantum is stepping up its efforts to develop quantum entanglement-as-a-service, after recently receiving contracts worth up to $100,000 from the U.S. Air Force to enable the distribution of entangled quantum states between nodes.
Quantum EaaS connects users of quantum networks with entangled quantum bits, known as qubits, safely over long distances.
Aliro’s software control plane and simulation technology form the basis for enabling EaaS in today’s quantum networks, the company said. Aliro describes EaaS as “the key technology” for the un-hackable secure networks of today and the quantum internet of the future.
Quantum networks work by entangling photons with information that can be encoded and then teleported through the same telecom fiber in the ground that is currently used.
Entanglement enables the teleportation of qubits that transport quantum information securely.
To do valuable work, an individual must generate thousands of entangled photon pairs per second, as the entangled photons correspond to the bandwidth of a classical network.
Thousands or tens of thousands per second can transmit a lot of information.
Another method for the secure transmission of encryption keys between two locations is Quantum key distribution. Although the keys are transferred using quantum physics, QKD normally does not use entanglement.
A quantum network based on EaaS is a general-purpose network, while the network set up for QKD can only be used to distribute these encryption keys.
For example, secure communication can be done through qubit teleportation in an EaaS network using the same software used in an EaaS network in a data center to connect multiple quantum computers to a cluster. By connecting 10 50-qubit computers, your application gets access to 500 qubits.
This is important because quantum computers with more qubits can solve larger problems.
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